BP101T. HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY-I Books : PharmaLite.in

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    BP101T. HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY-I Books


Books are given below after syllabus


Unit-I                                                    10 hours 

Introduction to human body: Definition and scope of anatomy and physiology, levels of structural organization and body systems, basic life processes, homeostasis, basic anatomical terminology. 


Cellular level of organization: Structure and functions of cell, transport across cell membrane, cell division, cell junctions. General principles of cell communication, intracellular   signaling   pathway   activation   by   extracellular   signal molecule, Forms of intracellular signaling: a) Contact-dependent; b) Paracrine; c) Synaptic; d) Endocrine. 


Tissue level of organization: Classification of tissues, structure, location and functions of epithelial, muscular and nervous and connective tissues. 

 

 

    Unit-II                                         10 hours 

Integumentary system: Structure and functions of skin. 


Skeletal system: Divisions of skeletal system, types of bone, salient features and functions of bones of axial and appendicular skeletal system. Organization of skeletal muscle, physiology of muscle contraction, neuromuscular junction. 


Joints: Structural and functional classification, types of joints movements and its articulation. 

 

 

Unit-III                                                   10 hours 

Body fluids and blood: Body fluids, composition and functions of blood, hemopoiesis, formation of hemoglobin, anemia, mechanisms of coagulation, blood grouping, Rh factors, transfusion, its significance and disorders of blood, Reticulo-endothelial system. 


Lymphatic system: Lymphatic organs and tissues, lymphatic vessels, lymph circulation and functions of lymphatic system. 

 

 

Unit-IV                                                    08 hours 

Peripheral nervous system: Classification of peripheral nervous system: Structure and functions of sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system. Origin and functions of spinal and cranial nerves. 


Special senses: Structure and functions of eye, ear, nose and tongue and their disorders. 


 Unit-V                                                           07 hours 

Cardiovascular system: Heart – anatomy of heart, blood circulation, blood vessels, structure and functions of artery, vein and capillaries, elements of conduction system of heart and heartbeat, its regulation by autonomic nervous system, cardiac output, cardiac cycle. Regulation of blood pressure, pulse, electrocardiogram and disorders of heart. 



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