BP504T. PHARMACOGNOSY AND PHYTOCHEMISTRY II Books : PharmaLite.in

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BP504T. PHARMACOGNOSY AND PHYTOCHEMISTRY II  Books


All books are given below after syllabus

Unit-I

Metabolic pathways in higher plants and their determination 

Brief study of basic metabolic pathways and formation of different secondary metabolites through these pathways- Shikimic acid pathway, Acetate pathways and Amino acid pathway. Study of utilization of radioactive isotopes in the investigation of Biogenetic studies. 

 

Unit-II

General introduction, composition, chemistry & chemical classes, bio -sources, therapeutic uses and commercial applications of following secondary metabolites: 

Alkaloids: Vinca, Rauwolfia, Belladonna, Opium. 

Phenylpropanoids and Flavonoids: Lignans, Tea, Ruta. 

Steroids, Cardiac Glycosides & Triterpenoids: Liquorice, Dioscorea, Digitalis. 

Volatile oils: Mentha, Clove, Cinnamon, Fennel, Coriander. 

Tannins: Catechu, Pterocarpus. 

Resins: Benzoin, Guggul, Ginger, Asafoetida, Myrrh, Colophony. 

Glycosides: Senna, Aloes, Bitter Almond. 

Iridoids, Other terpenoids & Naphthaquinones: Gentian, Artemisia, Taxus, carotenoids. 


Unit-III  

Isolation, Identification and Analysis of Phytoconstituents. 

Terpenoids: Menthol, Citral, Artemisin. 

Glycosides: Glycyrhetinic acid & Rutin. 

Alkaloids: Atropine, Quinine, Reserpine, Caffeine Resins: Podophyllotoxin, Curcumin. 

 

Unit-IV 

Industrial production, estimation and utilization of the following phytoconstituents: Forskolin, Sennoside, Artemisinin, Diosgenin, Digoxin, Atropine, Podophyllotoxin, Caffeine, Taxol, Vincristine and Vinblastine. 

 

Unit-V 

Basics of Phytochemistry 

Modern methods of extraction, application of latest techniques like Spectroscopy, Chromatography and electrophoresis in the isolation, purification and identification of crude drugs. 



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